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Photoshop技巧以提高您的技能

  hen you're ready to boost your Adobe Photoshop skills,try one of these features to work some magic with your images.We start with what to do when your Scratch Disk fills up,then dive right into tips for getting started with Content-Aware Fill,Clipping Mask,Brushes,and Vignettes.

  當你準備好提升你的Adobe Photoshop技能時,試著使用這些功能來對你的圖像釋放一些魔力。我們將從如何處理您的暫存盤開始,然后深入了解內容感知填充,剪貼蒙版,畫筆和小插圖入門技巧。

  The Photoshop Scratch Disk is full

  Photoshop暫存盤已滿


  Photoshop uses the Scratch Disk to store its temporary files,such as the working and history files.If your Scratch Disk is full,save your file,then restart Photoshop.The Scratch Disk is cleared when you exit the program.

  Photoshop使用暫存盤存儲其臨時文件,例如工作文件和歷史記錄文件。如果暫存盤已滿,請保存文件,然后重新啟動Photoshop。退出程序后,便會清除暫存盤。

  The default Scratch Disk is the C:\drive.Adobe advises against using the operating system drive for your Scratch Disk unless it’s the only drive available.Here’s how to select another drive for the Scratch Disk.

  默認的暫存盤是C:\drive。Adobe建議不要將操作系統驅動器當作暫存盤,除非它是唯一可用的驅動器。以下是為暫存盤選擇其他驅動器的方法。

  1.To edit or change the Scratch Disk,select Edit>Preferences>Scratch Disks.

  1.要編輯或更改暫存盤,請選擇“編輯”>“首選項”>“暫存盤”。

  Because C:\is the default Scratch Disk drive,it’s listed first and checked off in the Active column.If you have multiple drives they will also be listed,but not checked.

  由于C:\是默認的暫存盤驅動器,因此它首先列出并在“活動”列中選中。如果您有多個驅動器,它們也會被列出,但不會選中。

  Note:Do not use external drives or network drives for your Scratch Disk.

  注意:不要將使用外部驅動器或網絡驅動器作為暫存盤。

  2.Check the boxes for the additional drives you want to use for Scratch Disks.

  2.選中您要作為暫存盤的其他驅動器的選項框。

  3.Next,highlight the C:\drive and use the up and down arrows on the right side of this panel to move the C:\drive down and to rearrange the order of the additional drives.

  3.接下來,仍然選中C:\drive,并使用此面板右側的向上和向下箭頭向下移動C:\drive并重新排列其他驅動器的順序。

  4.Then click OK and restart Photoshop.

  4.單擊確定,然后重新啟動Photoshop。

  How to use Photoshop Content-Aware fill

  如何使用Photoshop內容感知填充


  Use the Content-Aware fill feature to remove an object from an image,then fill that area with the surrounding pixels.

  使用內容感知填充功能從圖像中刪除對象,然后用周圍的像素填充該區域。

  It’s like magic,but it works best with images that are fairly simple.Photos with a lot of objects and detail may require additional touch-up editing.

  就像魔術一樣,但適用于相當簡單的圖像。包含大量對象和細節的照片可能需要額外的修飾編輯。

  For example,in our photograph of two ducks swimming in a pond,here's how I would remove one of the ducks:

  例如,在我們的兩只鴨子在池塘里游泳的照片中,這是我如何去除一只鴨子的方法:

  1.Use the Lasso to select the gray duck at the top of the picture.

  1.使用套索選擇圖片頂部的灰鴨。

  2.Next,choose Edit>Fill.

  2.接下來,選擇“編輯”>“填充”。

  3.In the Fill dialog box,choose Content-Aware from the Contents field dropdown list.

  3.在“填充”對話框中,從“目錄”字段下拉列表中選擇“內容識別”。

  Select the Blending Mode from the dropdown list.The default is Normal,but experiment with the other 26 options to ensure the best results.

  從下拉列表中選擇混合模式。默認值為“正常”,但請嘗試其他26個選項以確保獲得最佳效果。

  4.Select the percentage of Opacity,then click OK.

  4.選擇不透明度的百分比,然后單擊確定。

  Photoshop removes the selected object,and the surrounding pixels of the pond water fill into the deleted space.

  Photoshop刪除選定的對象,池塘水中的周圍像素填充到刪除的空間中。

  How to create a clipping mask in Photoshop

  如何在Photoshop中創建剪貼蒙版


  A clipping mask is basically a stencil with an image behind it.In spite of how some tutorials make it seem so difficult,it’s actually a simple four-step process in Photoshop.

  剪貼蒙版就是將上方的圖像內容只能在下方圖層形狀的內部顯示。盡管有些教程使它看起來如此困難,但實際上在Photoshop中這只是一個簡單的四步過程。

  1.On a blank canvas,type a phrase(such as the name of your company)in large,bold letters.Use a nice,fat font such as Impact,Arial Black,or Gil Sans Bold.

  1.在一塊空白的畫布上,用大體的粗體字母鍵入一個短語(例如公司名稱)。使用漂亮的粗字體,例如Impact,Arial Black或Gil Sans Bold。

  2.Open the image file that you want to show through the stenciled letters.

  2.打開要通過字母展示的圖像文件。

  3.Copy the image to your text file and ensure that the picture layer is on top of the text layer.

  3.將圖像復制到您的文本文件,并確保圖片層在文本層的頂部。

  4.Right-click that image layer in the Layers panel(not on the picture itself),then choose Clipping Mask from the drop-down list.And that’s it!

  4.在“圖層”面板中右鍵單擊該圖像圖層(不在圖片本身上),然后從下拉列表中選擇“剪貼蒙版”。就是這樣!

  A couple of follow-up tips to refine the results:

  改善結果的一些后續技巧:


  Use the pointer cursor to move the image around under the text to get the best parts of the picture showing through the text.

  使用指針光標在文本下方移動圖像,以獲得通過文本顯示的圖片的最佳部分。

  Select the text layer,right-click,and choose Blending Options>Stroke(black,6 pixels)to add some flair and make the text stand out more

  選擇文本層,單擊鼠標右鍵,然后選擇“混合選項”>“描邊”(黑色,6像素)以增加色彩并讓文本更加突出
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  If you don’t like the results,simply delete the image layer and insert another picture on top of the text layer.

  如果您不滿意結果,只需刪除圖像層,然后在文本層頂部插入另一張圖片。

  How to add brushes to Photoshop

  如何將畫筆添加到Photoshop


  There are three ways to get more brushes in Photoshop:Import Brushes;Get More Brushes;and Create Custom Brushes.

  有三種方法可以在Photoshop中獲得更多畫筆:導入筆刷;獲取更多畫筆;和創建自定義畫筆。

  1.Place your cursor on the Brush tool in the Tools palette.

  1.將光標置于工具面板中的畫筆工具上。

  2.In the menu groups across the top,look for the picture of a brush(a blurry dot)with a number beneath it,just beside the brush icon.

  2.在頂部的菜單組中,查找畫筆圖標(模糊點)及其下方帶有數字的畫筆圖片。

  3.Click the tiny arrow beside the number and a Brush dialog box opens.Click the gear icon(top right),and a menu list drops down.

  3.單擊數字旁邊的小箭頭,然后打開“畫筆”對話框。點擊齒輪圖標(右上方),然后下拉菜單列表。

  4.Choose Get More Brushes,and Adobe opens its Photoshop Brushes website,which displays a big log-in screen.

  4.選擇“獲取更多筆刷”,Adobe將打開其Photoshop Brushes網站,該網站顯示一個大的登錄屏幕。

  5.Sign in,and Adobe provides download buttons for“A Thousand Brushes.”

  5.登錄后,Adobe將為“A Thousand Brushes”提供下載按鈕。

  6.Scroll through the sample boxes,choose the brushes you like,then click the Download button.

  6.滾動瀏覽示例框,選擇所需的畫筆,然后單擊“下載”按鈕。

  7.Once downloaded,you must move the brushes from your Download folder to the Adobe Brush folder at:C:\Users\[your user name]\AppData\Roaming\Adobe\Adobe Photoshop 2020\Presets\Brushes.If the files are zipped,unzip them first,then move.

  7.下載后,必須將畫筆從“下載”文件夾移動到Adobe畫筆文件夾,位于:C:\Users\[您的用戶名]\AppData\Roaming\Adob??e\Adob??e Photoshop 2020\Presets\Brushes。如果文件已壓縮,請先將其解壓縮,然后再移動。

  Note:The easiest way to do this is open the Brush folder at the location mentioned in number 7,then open the Downloads folder,then drag the brushes from one to the other.

  注意:最簡單的方法是在步驟7中提到的位置打開“畫筆”文件夾,然后打開“下載”文件夾,然后將畫筆從一個拖到另一個。

  8.Repeat steps 1,2,and 3 above,then choose Import Brushes from the dropdown.

  8.重復上述步驟1、2和3,然后從下拉菜單中選擇“導入畫筆”。

  9.Select one of the brushes from the list,then click the Load button(it won’t let you select and load multiple brushes at a time).

  9.從列表中選擇一個畫筆,然后單擊“加載”按鈕(不允許您一次選擇并加載多個畫筆)。

  10.The imported brushes are added to your Brushes Palette.

  10.導入的畫筆將添加到“畫筆調色板”中。

  Notice that some of the brushes have a brush icon beside them,and others have the smudge tool icon.The brushes paint,and the Smudge tool smudges areas that are already painted.

  請注意,有些筆刷旁邊有一個筆刷圖標,而另一些筆刷上有涂抹工具圖標。畫筆繪畫和“涂抹”工具將涂抹已繪畫過的區域。

  11.You can also download brushes directly from third-party sites such as Brusheezy,Brushlovers,and Deviant Art Brushes,to name a few.There are thousands of brushes available on the Internet,and most are free.(Most of these sites also offer free patterns,gradients,textures,shapes,symbols,and styles.)After you download these additional brushes,follow steps 1 through 9 above to add them to your Brushes Palette.

  11.您還可以直接從第三方網站(例如Brusheezy,Brushlovers和Deviant Art Brushes)下載畫筆,僅舉幾例?;ヂ摼W上有成千上萬的畫筆,大多數都是免費的。(這些站點大多數還提供免費的圖案,漸變,紋理,形狀,符號和樣式。)下載這些其他畫筆之后,請按照上面的步驟1到9將它們添加到“畫筆調色板”中。

  How to create custom brushes in Photoshop

  如何在Photoshop中創建自定義畫筆


  Basic custom brushes are easy to create;it’s the added“effects”that get complicated.For this tutorial,we’ll create a“picture”brush(process is the same for all brushes).For starters,locate a picture that you’d like to convert into a brush.We chose a tiny dancer.

  基本的自定義畫筆易于創建;是將畫筆“效果”變得復雜。在本教程中,我們將創建一個“圖片”畫筆(所有畫筆的處理過程都相同)。對于初學者,請找到要轉換為畫筆的圖片。我們選擇了一個小舞者。

  1.Open the picture file.

  1.打開圖片文件。

  2.Choose Image>Adjustments>Invert(Ctrl+I)to make the image a negative.

  2.選擇“圖像”&gt;“調整”&gt;“反轉”(Ctrl+I),使圖像變為負片。<紐約時報中英文網 http://www.738231.buzz/>

  Note:Brushes must be converted to negative images in order to display as positive images when used.Also note that it is not necessary to remove the color(Desaturate)the image before converting it into a brush.All brushes in Photoshop are grayscale until you add color to the brush layer.Brushes in Photoshop are not the same as Picture Tubes in Paint Shop Pro.

  注意:必須將畫筆轉換為負片,以便在使用時顯示為正圖像。另請注意,在將圖像轉換為畫筆之前,無需去除圖像的顏色(降低飽和度)。在您向畫筆圖層添加顏色之前,Photoshop中的所有畫筆都是灰度的。Photoshop中的畫筆與Paint Shop Pro中的顯像管不同。

  3.Use the Magic Wand to select the background,then choose Select&gt;Invert to reverse the background with the foreground and select the foreground image.

  3.使用魔術棒選擇背景,然后選擇“選擇”&gt;“反轉”以使具有前景的背景反轉并選擇前景圖像。

  4.Use the Polygonal tool to clean up the selected image and smooth out any jagged or missing pixels.

  4.使用“多邊形”工具清理選定的圖像并平滑任何鋸齒狀或缺失的像素。

  Note:If there are colors in the image that are the same as the background color,those pieces of the image may blend with the background,which means they won’t be included in your brush image.

  注意:如果圖像中的顏色與背景顏色相同,則圖像的這些部分可能會與背景融合,這意味著它們不會包含在筆刷圖像中。

  5.With the foreground image still selected,choose Edit&gt;Define Brush Preset.Enter a name for your brush in the Brush Name dialog,then click OK.

  5.在仍選擇前景圖像的情況下,選擇“編輯”&gt;“定義畫筆預設”。在“畫筆名稱”對話框中輸入畫筆的名稱,然后單擊“確定”。

  And that’s it!Brush created,unless you want to add some special effects.

  就是這樣!畫筆已創建,除非要添加一些特殊效果。

  6.With the Brush tool still selected,click the paintbrush on the file folder icon at the top menu to open the Brush Settings menu.

  6.在仍然選擇“畫筆”工具的情況下,單擊頂部菜單上的文件夾圖標上的畫筆以打開“畫筆設置”菜單。

  7.Play around with these settings until you’re happy with the results.Check the boxes to view the different effects.Notice that the options in the right panel change based on which effect is highlighted,such as the Texture effect.

  7.嘗試使用這些設置,直到對結果滿意為止。選中復選框以查看不同的效果。請注意,右側面板中的選項會根據突出顯示的效果(例如“紋理”效果)而變化。

  8.The brush must be in its own layer if you want to change the brush color,but note that unless you use a pattern or gradient,the brush will still be just a single color.

  8.如果要更改筆刷顏色,筆刷必須位于其自己的圖層中,但是請注意,除非使用圖案或漸變,否則筆刷仍將是單一顏色。

  Note:On the Brush menu,the number below the brush is the pixel size of the original brush you created.It’s better to create large brushes that you can size down when used,than create small brushes and attempt to enlarge them.Enlarging brushes,images,patterns,or anything else in Photoshop compromises the image/brush quality.

  注意:在“畫筆”菜單上,畫筆下方的數字是您創建的原始畫筆的像素大小。最好創建可以在使用時縮小尺寸的大畫筆,而不是創建較小的畫筆并嘗試放大它們。在Photoshop中放大畫筆,圖像,圖案或其他任何東西都會損害圖像/畫筆的質量。

  How to add a vignette in Photoshop

  如何在Photoshop中添加小插圖


  There are lots of ways to create vignettes in Photoshop;the following process is really easy.One suggestion,however,for best results:Choose photos with objects,animals,or people that are centered and mostly fill the image frame.If this is not possible,enlarge and crop the photo to meet these specifications.

  有許多方法可以在Photoshop中創建漸暈。以下過程真的很容易。但是,為了獲得最佳效果,建議如下:選擇對象、動物或人物居中的照片,并主要填充圖像框架。如果無法做到,請放大并裁剪照片以符合這些規格。

  1.Select a photo.

  1.選擇一張照片。

  2.For a circular vignette,choose the Elliptical Marquee tool.

  2.對于圓形的小插圖,請選擇“橢圓選框”工具。

  3.Place your cursor on the background area,then click and drag the circle out and around the subject.

  3.將光標放在背景區域上,然后單擊并拖動圓圈并將其拖出主題。

  Note:Hold down the Shift key(while dragging)to constrain the marquee.Hold down the Alt key to drag the marquee from its center.

  注意:按住Shift鍵(拖動時)以限制選取框。按住Alt鍵將選取框從其中心拖動。

  4.If your circle is not centered,place the cursor on the circle line until it changes to a pointer,then drag the circle wherever you want it.

  4.如果您的圓沒有居中,請將光標放在圓線上,直到其變為指針,然后將圓拖到所需的位置。

  5.To enlarge or reduce the size of the circle,choose Select&gt;Transform Selection.

  5.要放大或縮小圓的大小,請選擇“選擇”&gt;“變換選擇”。

  6.Place your cursor over one of the sizing handles and,when it changes to a double arrow,hold down the left mouse button and drag the marquee to the size you want,then press Enter.

  6.將光標置于大小調整手柄之一上,然后將其變為雙箭頭時,按住鼠標左鍵并將選取框拖動到所需的大小,然后按Enter。

  7.To create the vignette,change the selected area to the background;choose Select&gt;Inverse(Shift-Ctrl+I).

  7.要創建小插圖,請將所選區域更改為背景;選擇選擇&gt;反向(Shift-Ctrl+I)。

  The rest depends on the type of vignette you want.The easiest way is to blur out the background,then add a color,gradient,pattern,or design to the blurred area.

  其余的取決于您想要的小插圖的類型。最簡單的方法是使背景模糊,然后向模糊區域添加顏色,漸變,圖案或設計。

  8.Choose Filter&gt;Blur&gt;Gaussian Blur.Adjust the Radius to 1000.0 pixels(or move the slider all the way to the right),and click OK.

  8.選擇“濾鏡”&gt;“模糊”&gt;“高斯模糊”。將“半徑”調整為1000.0像素(或將滑塊一直向右移動),然后單擊“確定”。

  9.With the background layer still selected,experiment with different fill options.Choose Layer&gt;New Fill Layer&gt;Gradient,then click OK in the New Layer dialog.

  9在仍選擇背景層的情況下,嘗試使用不同的填充選項。選擇“圖層”&gt;“新建填充圖層”&gt;“漸變”,然后在“新建圖層”對話框中單擊“確定”。

  10.In the Gradient Fill dialog,choose a color,then scroll through the options and make a selection.Notice that as you cursor through the colors,the changes appear on the screen so you can see what your selection looks like before you choose.

  10.在“漸變填充”對話框中,選擇一種顏色,然后在選項中滾動并進行選擇。請注意,當您在顏色之間移動時,更改將顯示在屏幕上,因此您可以在選擇之前先查看選擇的外觀。

  For our example,we chose the Gray color,the gray and black gradient,and selected the Radial Style,at a 90-degree angle;We scaled it to 177 percent,so the gray is around the subject,then fades to black as it moves out to the edges of the frame.

  在我們的示例中,我們選擇了灰色,灰色和黑色漸變,并選擇了90度角的“徑向樣式”;我們將其縮放到177%,因此灰色圍繞著主體,然后隨著移到框架邊緣而逐漸變為黑色。
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