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我國近視問題愈發嚴重,近視手術是否安全

  考試、工作、參軍...

  Study, work, join the army...

  如今,越來越多的近視患者選擇近視手術摘除眼鏡。

  Nowadays more and more myopic group, in order to take off the glasses choose myopia surgery.

  "近視手術有多安全?"

  "How is safety of myopia operation?"

  “近視手術會不會導致失明?”

  "Can myopic operation cause blindness?"

  等問題人們頗為關注,針對這些問題,山東中醫藥大學附屬眼科醫院屈光外科主任季鵬給出了答案。

  Ji peng, director of refractive surgery at the eye hospital affiliated to shandong university of traditional Chinese medicine, has given answers to these questions.

  我國近視問題愈發嚴重

  據世界衛生組織資料顯示,中國近視患者超過了6億,在我國5歲以上人群中,每3個人就有1個人是近視,在大學生中近視率更是高達90%。

  According to the data of the world health organization, there are more than 600 million myopia patients in China. In the population above the age of 5, every 3 people in China have myopia, and the myopia rate among college students is as high as 90%.

  青少年近視率高居世界第一。

  The rate of myopia among teenagers is the highest in the world.

  雖然近視手術能幫助人們摘掉眼鏡,但人們對于手術的安全性頗有疑慮。

  Although nearsightedness surgery can help people remove their glasses, there are doubts about the safety of the procedure.

  季鵬表示,近視手術在原理上并不致盲,手術過程中根本不會觸及視網膜,自然也就不存在瞎不瞎的問題,而失明一般是白內障、青光眼等引發,這些病是衰老過程中很難避免的眼睛疾病,并非近視手術帶來的后遺癥。

  Ji peng said that myopia surgery in principle does not cause blindness, the process of surgery will not touch the retina, there is no natural problem of blindness, and blindness is generally caused by cataract, glaucoma, these diseases are difficult to avoid in the aging process of eye diseases, not myopia surgery sequelae.

  近視手術是否安全

  近視手術后,的確會產生一些并發癥,比如常見的干眼、眩光等表現,眼睛也會比較敏感,容易流眼淚,甚至用眼過度的話,還會變回近視。

  After myopic operation, can produce a few complication really, for instance common dry eye, dazzle to wait for a performance, the eye also can compare sensitive, easy to shed tears, use an eye even if excessive, still can become myopic.

  另一方面做手術如果不注意衛生,也會造成發炎感染。

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  On the other hand, if you do not pay attention to hygiene, surgery can also cause inflammation and infection.

  “我常給大家說,近視手術只是在你角膜上磨制了副眼鏡,不會導致你的眼睛有任何問題。”

  "I always tell people that myopic surgery is just a pair of glasses on your cornea and won't cause any problems with your eyes."

  季鵬說,手術只是接觸了你的角膜,并不會對后面的視網膜等造成影響,因此也就不會有失明的發生。

  'the surgery just touches your cornea,' says Mr. Ji. 'it doesn't affect the back of the retina, so there's no loss of vision.'

  另外,它也不會治療近視眼,手術是將“眼鏡”與角膜融為一體,不是從根本上改變生理上的近視。

  In addition, it will not treat myopia, surgery is to "glasses" and cornea integration, not fundamentally change the physiological myopia.

  “這樣呢,我們就不用戴近視鏡或散光鏡,同時獲得一個清晰的視覺。”

  "That way, we don't have to wear a myopic or astigmatic lens and get a clear vision at the same time."

  季鵬提醒,還有需要注意的就是,做完近視眼手術以后,如果你是高度近視一定要定期復查眼底,因為,做完手術你雖然不用戴眼鏡了,但因為近視,你的眼睛眼軸已經變長,所以說為了安全考慮,還需要定期關注眼底的情況。

  Ji peng reminds, still need to pay attention to is, after finishing myopia operation, if you are high myopia must reexamine fundus regularly, because, finish an operation although you need not wear glasses, but because of myopia, your eye eye axis has become longer, say so for safety consideration, still need to pay attention to fundus condition regularly.

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