快捷搜索: 紐約時報  抗疫  疫情  武漢  經濟學人  香港 

2020年值得關注的科技趨勢是什么

  What is the trend of science and technology in 2020

  2020年值得關注的科技趨勢是什么

  The 2010s made one thing clear:Tech is everywhere in life.

  2010年代明確了一件事:科技無處不在。

  Tech is in our homes with thermostats that heat up our residences before we walk through the door.It’s in our cars with safety features that warn us about vehicles in adjacent lanes.It’s on our television sets,where many of us are streaming shows and movies through apps.We even wear it on ourselves in the form of wristwatches that monitor our health.

  科技在我們的家中,溫控器在我們進家門前讓房間升溫??萍荚谖覀兊能嚴?,有安全功能的汽車提示我們相鄰車道中的車輛??萍荚谖覀兊碾娨暀C中,我們中的許多人都在通過應用觀看流媒體節目和電影。我們甚至把科技裝進手表戴在手腕上,監測我們的健康。

  In 2020 and the coming decade,these trends are likely to gather momentum.They will also be on display next week at CES,an enormous consumer electronics trade show in Las Vegas that typically serves as a window into the year’s hottest tech developments.

  在2020年和未來的十年中,這些趨勢可能會發展得更快。這些趨勢也將在下周的CES上展出,通常這場在拉斯維加斯舉行的大型消費類電子貿易展覽會,我們可以一窺本年度最熱門的技術發展。

  At the show,next-generation cellular technology known as 5G,which delivers data at mind-boggling speeds,is expected to take center stage as one of the most important topics.We are also likely to see the evolution of smart homes,with internet-connected appliances such as refrigerators,televisions and vacuum cleaners working more seamlessly together—and with less human interaction required.

  在展會上,被稱為5G的下一代蜂窩技術以令人難以置信的速度傳輸數據,預計它將作為最重要的話題之一登上中央舞臺。我們還可能會看到智能家居的進化,如冰箱、電視和吸塵器等物聯網電器將更加無縫地協同工作——并減少了對人工操作的需要。

  “The biggest thing is connected everything,”said Carolina Milanesi,a technology analyst for the research firm Creative Strategies.“Anything in the home—we’ll have more cameras,more mics,more sensors.”

  “最重要的事情就是一切都互聯了,”研究公司Creative Strategies的科技分析師卡羅琳娜·米拉內西(Carolina Milanesi)說。“家中的任何東西——我們將有更多攝像頭,更多麥克風,更多傳感器。”

  If some of this sounds the same as last year,it is—but that’s because new technologies often take time to mature.

  如果其中一些聽起來和去年一樣,那也沒錯——但這是因為新技術往往需要時間才能成熟。

  Here’s what to watch in tech this year.

  接下來是今年值得關注的科技。

  The Smarter Home:True Automation

  更智能的家:真正的自動化

  In the last few years,Amazon,Apple and Google have battled to become the center of our homes.

  在過去的幾年中,亞馬遜、蘋果和谷歌在為了成為我們住所的中心而戰。

  Their virtual assistants—Alexa,Google Assistant and Siri—respond to voice commands to play music from speakers,control light bulbs and activate robot vacuums.Smart home products work well,but they are complicated to set up,so most people use virtual assistants just for basic tasks like setting a kitchen timer and checking the weather.

  它們的虛擬助手——Alexa,Google助理和Siri——響應語音指令從揚聲器中播放音樂,控制燈泡并激活機器人吸塵器。智能家居產品很好用,但設置安裝往往很復雜,因此大多數人僅將虛擬助手用于基本任務,例如設定廚房定時器和檢查天氣。

  Then in December,Amazon,Apple and Google came to what appeared to be a truce:They announced that they were working together on a standard to help make smart home products compatible with one another.

  然后在12月,亞馬遜、蘋果和谷歌似乎進入停戰:它們宣布它們正在共同制定一種標準,以幫助智能家居產品相互兼容。

紐約時報中英文網 http://www.738231.buzz/

  In other words,when you buy an internet-connected light bulb down the line that works with Alexa,it should also work with Siri and Google Assistant.This should help reduce confusion when shopping for home products and improve the ease with which connected gadgets work with one another.

  換句話說,當你購買一個與Alexa兼容的智能燈泡時,它應該也能與Siri和Google助理兼容。這應該有助于減少購買家用產品時的困惑,并提高已連接的產品相互配合的便利性。

  Ms.Milanesi said that eliminating complexity was a necessary step for the tech giants to achieve their ultimate goal:seamless home automation without the need for people to tell the assistants what to do.

  米拉內西說,消除復雜性是科技巨頭實現最終目標的必要步驟:無縫的家庭自動化,無需人們告訴助手怎么做。

  “You want the devices to talk to each other instead of me being the translator between these device interactions,”she said.“If I open my door,then the door can say to the lights that the door is open and therefore the lights need to turn on.”

  “你希望這些設備能相互溝通,而不是要自己為這些設備之間的交互做翻譯,”她說。“如果我打開門,那么門可以對燈說門是開著的,因此燈需要打開。”

  If and when that happens,your home will truly—and finally—be smart.

  如果這實現了,到那時,你的家將真正——并最終——成為智能的家。

  The Slow,Steady Rise of 5G

  5G緩慢而穩步的發展

  In 2019,the wireless industry began shifting to 5G,a technology that can deliver data at such incredibly fast speeds that people will be able to download entire movies in a few seconds.

  在2019年,無線網絡行業開始轉向5G,該技術的傳輸速度令人難以置信,人們可以在幾秒鐘內下載整部電影。

  Yet the rollout of 5G was anticlimactic and uneven.Across the United States,carriers deployed 5G in just a few dozen cities.And only a handful of new smartphones last year worked with the new cellular technology.

  然而,5G的推出顯得雷聲大雨點小,并且各地很不平衡。運營商僅在全美幾十個城市中開設了5G。去年僅有少數新智能手機能利用這種新的蜂窩技術。

  In 2020,5G will gain some momentum.Verizon said it expected half the nation to have access to 5G this year.AT&T,which offers two types of 5G—5G Evolution,which is incrementally faster than 4G,and 5G Plus,which is the ultrafast version—said it expected 5G Plus to reach parts of 30 cities by early 2020.

  2020年,5G將獲得一定的發展勢頭。威瑞森通訊(Verizon)表示,預計今年半個美國可以用上5G。AT&T公司提供兩種5G類型:5G Evolution(比4G速度快一個量級)和5G Plus(超高速版本),并表示5G Plus有望在2020年進入30個城市的部分地區。

  Another sign that 5G is really taking hold?A broader set of devices will support the new wireless standard.

  再舉一個5G真正扎根的跡象?將有更多的設備支持這個新的無線標準。

  Samsung,for one,has begun including 5G support on some of its newer Galaxy devices.Apple,which declined to comment,is also expected to release its first 5G-compatible iPhones this year. 紐約時報中英文網 http://www.738231.buzz

  比如三星已經開始在一些新的Galaxy設備上包含5G支持。拒絕置評的蘋果也有望在今年發布首款兼容5G的iPhone。

  And 5G will be going to work behind the scenes,in ways that will emerge over time.One important benefit of the technology is its ability to greatly reduce latency,or the time it takes for devices to communicate with one another.That will be important for the compatibility of next-generation devices like robots,self-driving cars and drones.

  5G還將以某些形式逐漸出現在幕后工作中。該技術的一個重要優點是它能大大減少延遲,或減少設備之間相互通信使用的時間。這對于像下一代機器人、自動駕駛汽車和無人機等設備的兼容性很重要。

  For example,if your car has 5G and another car has 5G,the two cars can talk to each other,signaling to each other when they are braking and changing lanes.The elimination of the communications delay is crucial for cars to become autonomous.

  例如,如果你的汽車有5G,另一輛車也有5G,兩輛車可以互相通話,在制動和換道的時候相互發出信號。消除通信延遲對于汽車實現自動駕駛至關重要。

  The Wearables Market Heats Up

  可穿戴設備市場升溫

  It’s a time of intense competition in wearable computers,which is set to lead to more creativity and innovation.

  可穿戴計算機競爭激烈的時代將引領更多創意和創新。

  For a long while,Apple has dominated wearables.In 2015,it released Apple Watch,a smart watch with a focus on health monitoring.In 2016,the company introduced AirPods,wireless earbuds that can be controlled with Siri.

  長期以來,蘋果一直主導著可穿戴設備。2015年,它發布了Apple Watch,一款專注于健康監測的智能手表。2016年,該公司推出了可通過Siri控制的無線耳塞AirPods。

  Since then,many others have jumped in,including Xiaomi,Samsung and Huawei.Google recently acquired Fitbit,the fitness gadget maker,for$2.1 billion,in the hope of playing catch-up with Apple.

  從那時起,許多其他公司紛紛加入,包括小米、三星和華為。谷歌最近以21億美元的價格收購了健身設備制造商Fitbit,希望能趕上蘋果。

  Computer chips are making their way into other electronic products like earphones,which means that companies are likely to introduce innovations in wearable accessories,said Frank Gillett,a technology analyst for Forrester.Two possibilities:earphones that monitor your health by pulling pulses from your ears,or earbuds that double as inexpensive hearing aids.

  弗雷斯特(Forrester)的科技分析師弗蘭克·吉萊德(Frank Gillett)說,計算機芯片正在進入耳機等其他電子產品中,這意味著公司可能會在穿戴配件中引入創新。有兩種可能:讓耳機通過耳朵的脈搏監測你的健康,或者耳機可以當作廉價助聽器來使用。

  “That whole area of improving our hearing and hearing the way other people hear us is really interesting,”he said.

  “這整個領域,改善我們的聽力,還有以別人聆聽我們的方式去聆聽,非常有意思,”他說。

  The Streaming Revolution

  流媒體革命

  We have rushed headlong into the streaming era,and that will only continue.

  我們已經一頭栽入流媒體時代,而且這種情況只會持續下去。

  In 2019,Netflix was the most-watched video service in the United States,with people spending an average of 23 minutes a day streaming its content,according to eMarketer,the research firm.In all,digital video made up about a quarter of the daily time spent on digital devices last year,which included time spent on apps and web browsers.

  根據研究公司eMarketer的數據,Netflix在2019年是美國收看最多的視頻服務,人們平均每天花費23分鐘在線觀看其內容??傮w而言,數字視頻占去年日均使用數字設備時長的四分之一,其中包括使用應用和網絡瀏覽器。

  Netflix’s share of the overall time we spend watching video on devices will probably decline in 2020,according to eMarketer,because of the arrival of competing streaming services like Disney Plus,HBO Max and Apple TV Plus.

  eMarketer的數據顯示,由于迪士尼plus,HBO Max和Apple TV+等流媒體競爭對手的到來,到2020年,我們在設備上觀看視頻的全部時間中,Netflix所占的份額可能會下降。

  “Even though Americans are spending more time watching Netflix,people’s attention will become more divided as new streamers emerge,”Ross Benes,an analyst at eMarketer,said in a blog post.

  eMarketer的分析師羅斯·貝恩斯(Ross Benes)在博客中說:“盡管美國人在花越來越多的時間觀看Netflix,但隨著新流媒體服務的出現,人們的注意力將越來越分散。”

  So if you don’t like“The Mandalorian,”“The Morning Show”or“Watchmen,”you won’t change the channel.You will just switch to a different app.

  因此,如果你不喜歡《曼達洛人》(The Mandalorian),《早間新聞》(The Morning Show)或《守望者》(Watchmen),你不會切換頻道。你可能會切換到另一個應用。

網站部分信息來源于自互聯網和網友上傳,只為方便大家查詢瀏覽,請自行核對信息的真實情況,本站將不承擔任何責任!

您可以還會對下面的文章感興趣:

  • 36小時環游新加坡
  • 辭掉工作、花了57天,他們找回了走失的狗
  • 中國頒布新規,限制未成年人玩游戲
  • 改善健康也許很簡單:每天少吃300卡
  • 從《老友記》到《早間新聞》,詹妮弗·安妮斯頓的新旅程
  • 最新評論

    留言與評論(共有 條評論)
       
    驗證碼:
    快乐街机捕鱼